Chongqing maintains its regional importance in defense, politics, trade, and logistics for long; its glories and growth marked the history of China. The central urban area of Chongqing, or Chongqing proper, is a beautiful city with its unique features. Built on mountains and embraced by the Yangtze and Jialing rivers, it is known as a "mountain city" and a "city on rivers". It has mild winter, hot summers, long frost-free periods and ample rain, as well as warm, wet and cloudy days, with rain and heat occurring in the same season. It has an annual rainfall of 1,000-1,400 mm. It often rains at night in late spring and early summer, and thus the city is famous for its "night rain in the Ba Mountains".
Chongqing has the unique magnificent scenery of mountain, rivers, forests, springs, waterfalls, gorges and caves. The Daba Mountains stand in the north, the Wushan Mountains in the east, the Wuling Mountains in the southeast and the Dalou Mountains in the south. The whole area slopes down from north and south towards the Yangtze valley, with sharp rises and falls. The area is featured by mountain and hills, with large sloping areas at different heights. Typical karst landscape is common in this area, and stone forests, forests of peaks, limestone caves and valleys can be found in many places.
The best natural scenery is found in the Yangtze Three Gorges. High cliffs standing face to face on either side of the Yangtze, forming a natural gallery of arts. Each of the three gorges has its special charm: the Qutang Gorge is imposing and magnificent, the Wuxia Gorge elegant and graceful, and the Xiling Gorge precipitous and perilous.
The Yangtze River runs through the whole area from west to east, covering a course of 665 kilometers, cutting through the Wushan Mountains at three places and forming the well-known Three Gorges: the Qutang, the Wuxia and the Xiling gorges. Coming from northwest and running through "the Jialing Lesser Three Gorges" of Libi, Wentang and Guanyin, the Jialing River joins the Yangtze in Chongqing.
Chongqing is one of the national historical and cultural cities, Ancient Cultural Relics， many ancient human landscape. Wushan keel slope relics, Dazu Grottoes, Hechuan fishing city and other state-level key cultural preservation centers. Chongqing is a modern city which have a glorious revolutionary tradition, the revolutionary sites or commemorate capital relics have Hongyan Village, Gui garden, Xinhua Daily old site, Geleshan Martyrs Mausoleum, Bai home ,Zhazi hole, Sino-US cooperation oldsite, Huangshan old site and the South Korea's interim government site in Anti-Japanese War period.
The spring and winter are the best season to Chongqing travel. Beautiful winter sweet Flower will bloom in Nanshan. However, Chongqing City Tourism Festival in the end of summer and the beginning of autumn and the Three Gorges International Tourism Festival can also bring you joy and pleasure trips.
Chongqing also has a brilliant Bayu culture and national food culture, "eat" and "visit" each other, It has a variety of snacks, the most well-known is Chongqing hot pot with basic characteristics of hemp, spicy, fresh, hot. Other snacks include: tea duck, bread duck, tofu fish, Snow Cake, jade tablets, Tangyuan, and so on, that delicate shape, bright color, sounds delicious. Unique and attractive Bayu ancient customs, colorful local art, marvelous and magnificent " night scene of mountain city, it is a spectacle not to be missed.